The UK2070 Commission is making available this page of reports, research and viewpoints, along with our recently published Second Report.  The Think Pieces published below helped to inform the the Commission’s First and Second Report, while the Commission’s Final Report is due to be published in early 2020. If you would like to receive a copy of either of these documents please get in touch with us via the Contact page.

Learn more about the founding of the Commission in July 2018 by clicking here to read either our full prospectus; our summary prospectus or to read our Frequently Asked Questions page.

Executive Summary: The Second Report of the UK2070 Commission: Moving Up The Gears – Seven National Priorities for Action

The UK2070 Commission, which is chaired by the former head of the Civil Service, Lord Kerslake, says deep-rooted economic divides across the UK will worsen unless government addresses strategic failings in regional policy which stretch back 50 years. The Commission reported earlier this year that London’s global success was contrasted elsewhere in the UK with some of the worst inequalities in Europe, with stop-start regional policy failing to tackle problems that have led to economic under-performance and lower healthy life expectancy.

Our Second Report, which is released today [20 September 2019], says government must urgently develop a long-term vision for the UK which decisively addresses deprivation, unlocks regional economic potential and confronts the challenges presented by  climate change and new technologies. The UK2070 Commission has identified seven national priorities for action which we believe are vital if worsening performance and widening divisions between different parts of the UK are to be avoided.

To read the Executive Summary, please click here, or alternatively please scroll down to read the Main Report.

The Second Report of the UK2070 Commission: Moving Up The Gears – Seven National Priorities for Action

The UK2070 Commission has today published our Second Report Moving Up The Gears – Seven National Prioroties for Action in which we have made a series of detailed recommendations intended to rebalance the UK economy, whilst sustaining the performance of London and the South East. Those recommendations are in summary:

1] Climate Change: protect disadvantaged communities who are most at risk from its impact and use the market opportunities created by a move to a carbon zero economy to rebalance our economic geography.
2] Deliver a 20-year connectivity revolution: commit to renewing and extending out-dated transport infrastructure so that it reflects the present economy rather than the past; reconnect marginalised communities and shift towards shared transport and new technologies.
3] Create a global centre of excellence in industrial digital technologies: bring Britain’s leading regional universities together to power-up technologies that have the capacity to create 20,000 businesses, increase economic value by £1.2bn a year and upskill a million industrial workers.
4] Strengthen the foundations of local economies: provide higher quality advice for SMEs delivering local, everyday services; put refocused Further Education at the heart of a refreshed skills agenda; introduce universal standards to ensure adequate local services, particularly in marginalised communities.
5] Accelerate devolution: devolve decisions about regional economies to all regions, not just those with government-sanctioned deals; introduce Parliamentary Committees and Cabinet positions which recognise and respond to the Powerhouses of the North, Midlands, South West and South East.
6] A plan for England: introduce a spatial plan for England setting out explicit, funded priorities for coordinated, connected development which supports the UK’s global role whilst addressing regional inequalities.
7] Level the playing field for funding: on top of a £250bn UK Renewal Fund outlined in the Commission’s first report, introduce a regional investment bank network; change Treasury investment rules so that they accommodate regional variations and help rebalance the economy according to the long-term vision.

To read our Second Report in full, please click here.

UK2070 Commission Second Report, Supplementary Report – The UK’s 2070 Transport Infrastructure Requirement

This report, prepared for the UK2070 Commission by Greengauge21 uses both existing and new research to analyse the contribution that better sustainable transport connectivity could make to re-balancing the UK economy by addressing its inequalities.

The vision for 2070 concentrates on scheduled public transport, reflecting ambitions to establish transport as a basic right, for everybody, including for those without access to a car. Given the report’s focus on the of the UK positioning, it is concentrated on rail links – together with interurban bus services –treating public transport as a single system in a manner that it perhaps has never been treated before. The report identifies the importance of metropolitan city public transport network development and extends this thinking to smaller cities and towns. The report builds on published plans of the various sub-national bodies in England including those of Transport for the North and Midlands Connect and published longer term plans in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

The vision of a sustainable pan-national transport network in this report is based on: what exists now – and established plans where these exist; what’s evidently missing – such as network linkage gaps or places left poorly connected; and lastly has a primary focus on areas that are disadvantaged by at least one key inequality indicators The report provides an alternative to the likely outcome of the current approach, which is based on transport appraisal techniques that acknowledge distributional impacts only in a very minor key and consider investments on an uncoordinated project by project basis.

To read this Supplementary Document, please click here.

UK2070 Commission Second Report – Supplementary Document Sharing The Uplift in Land Values

This report, published alongside The Second Report of the UK2070 Commission as Technical Guidance, is written by the Executive Director of the URBED Trust, Dr. Nicholas Falk, in partnership with the Town and Country Planning Association. The report, entitled Sharing the uplift in land values: A fairer system for funding growth and delivering housing growth, considers how we can use land reform to achieve a fairer society while also promoting local economic growth and a better environment.

The paper builds on a previous Think Piece written by Dr. Falk for the UK2070 Commission to consider the wider issues of land value taxation and the funding of the local infrastructure needed to double the rate of housebuilding in the United Kingdom. In turn, the report considers why towns and cities need to mobilise under-used land to make people better connected; to consider the relationship between land value and housing affordability and hence inclusive growth; to consider how local infrastructure can be funded to in turn provide new homes and lastly to consider how to develop strategic spatial plans in a manner that uses scarce resources better while also building the homes the UK needs.

To read this Supplementary Document, please click here.

Professor Thomas B. Fischer publishes Think Piece analysing Germany’s post-unification transition.

After our recent UK2070 Symposium at Leeds Civic Hall, we now return to our series of Think Pieces submitted to the Commission as part of our Call For Evidence, and which the Commission has received permission of the author(s) to publish to a wider audience on our website.

Today’s piece is written by Thomas B. Fischer – Professor for Environmental Assessment at the School of Environmental Sciences at the University of Liverpool; Extraordinary Professor at the Research Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North West University, South Africa and an honorary staff member at The Technical University of Berlin. Professor Fischer uses his piece to study the investment in infrastructure undertaken by Germany post-unification and its effectiveness in regenerating the former German Democratic Republic, East Germany; before concluding by making comparisons with the UK’s 2011 National Infrastructure Plan.

Read Professor Fischer’s Report in full here.

Executive Summary: The First Report of the UK2070 Commission: Fairer and Stronger – Rebalancing the UK Economy

Ahead of our National Symposium on Thursday 13th June 2019 at Leeds Civic Hall, the UK2070 has published The First Report of the UK2070 Commission: Fairer and Stronger – Rebalancing the UK Economy.

Our First Report states that the regional inequalities which blight economic performance and life-chances in the UK may become significantly worse unless drastic action is taken.

Whilst London and the South East of England confront increasing pressures on living costs and resources as they soak up most of the UK’s job growth and productivity, our report argues that many people and businesses outside of these areas are likely to miss out on the benefits of growth.

Our report estimates that more than half of the new jobs will go to London and the South East, when it makes up just over a third of the population.

If you like to register your attendance at our National Symposium, then please email your contact details to

To read the Executive Summary, please click here.

The First Report of the UK2070 Commission: Fairer and Stronger – Rebalancing the UK Economy

Ahead of our National Symposium on Thursday 13th June 2019 at Leeds Civic Hall, the UK2070 has published The First Report of the UK2070 Commission: Fairer and Stronger – Rebalancing the UK Economy.

To tackle regional inequality, the UK2070 Commission proposes:

  • Much greater devolution of powers and funding, including the creation of four new ‘super regional’ economic development agencies.
  • A spatial plan to guide the future development of the whole of the UK.
  • Action to harness new technologies and strengthen local economies.
  • Long-term investment through a new National Renewal Fund which would rebalance the economy over a 25-year period.

If you like to register your attendance at our National Symposium, then please email your contact details to

To read our First Report in full, please click here.

UK2070 Policy Report – Industrial Strategy & Industry 4.0: Structure, People and Place

Persistent social and economic inequalities across the United Kingdom need to be challenged. This need is heightened by the political and economic uncertainties brought about by Brexit and the global challenges of technological and climate change. This report by the Manchester Urban Institute, University of Manchester, highlights the importance of facing up to the radical changes in the shape of the economy. This report states that the current industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) is driven by the adoption of smart digital and cyber technologies. This requires a national spatial economic strategy if we are to harness the power of economic change to the benefit of all communities.

This report was submitted as a response to the UK2070 Commission’s Call for Evidence. It has informed the considerations of the UK2070 Commission, especially in the drafting of its First Report, and has subsequently been published as a Policy Report by the Manchester Urban Institute.

To read this Policy Report in full, please click here.

UK2070 Futures Technical Modelling

The purpose of the UK2070 Futures Study is to investigate distinct scenarios regarding three basic policy variables of spatial rebalancing and development, which are growth and change in jobs, supply and demand of housing and provision of transport infrastructure and services. The distinct scenarios are designed to explore a wide range of potential economic and demographic development trajectories that are cogent for policy purposes, so as to provide a context in which to examine the effectiveness of existing and potential options for intervention in a long-term policy programme.

This report is intended to support the UK2070 Commission in its deliberations on the options of policy interventions and prioritisation against a broad, strategic understanding of the major opportunities and challenges facing the UK.

To read the Technical Modelling report in full, please click here.

Dr. Graeme Purves publishes Think Piece on Scotland’s National Planning Framework

In his capacity as a UK2070 Commissioner, Dr. Graeme Purves has today published a new Think Piece for the UK2070 website that reflects on his time as Assistant Chief Planner with the Scottish Government, where he led the teams which prepared Scotland’s First and Second National Planning Frameworks, and where he also played an active role in engagement with the Celtic and Baltic countries.

Dr Purves’ article gives a brief history of planning in Scotland, particularly focusing on the successes and failures of Scotland’s First and Second National Planning Framework (NPF), and how these influenced the creation of the Third (and extant) NPF in 2014. After reflecting on these influences and the approach taken, Dr. Purves then considers the public consultation and parliamentary engagement that was offered to the NPF; before using his expertise to offer a review on the Scottish Planning System at present.

To read Dr. Purves’ report in full, please click here.

Futures Network West Midlands publishes Think Piece

The UK2070 Commission has today published a working note co-authored by the Secretary and Chair of Futures Network West Midlands, Dave Thew and Sandy Taylor entitled Strategic Spatial Development in the West Midlands—a Long View Perspective. This interesting paper is based on the co-author’s 40 years of experience in strategic land use planning in the English West Midlands, with a primary focus on the policy-making process, and a stated aim of “drawing lessons that might be useful in developing a National Spatial Policy Framework as a mechanism to help address current economic imbalances across the UK”.

The piece firstly details the history of planning policy in the West Midlands, before outlining the current situation in the conurbation of England’s second city. Amongst other arguments, Thew and Taylor welcome the return of strategic thinking with the recent establishment of the Midlands Connect Innitative and the Midlands Engine, but they also offer their improvements for how this could be better implemented with the recent creation of the West Midlands Combined Authority. Although primarily focused on the West Midlands, the co-authors also offer their thoughts on some of the Commission’s other objectives outlined in our Prospectus.

To read Futures Network West Midland’s report in full, please click here.

Mike Shields CBE writes Think Piece on the effectiveness of RDAs

In its continuing series of publishing new Think Pieces on a weekly basis, the UK2070 Commission is today publishing a new article written by Mike Shields CBE, which assesses the success of the former Regional Development Agencies (RDAs). Although now serving as a Visiting Fellow at the Heseltine Institute for Public Policy, Practice and Place at Liverpool University, Mr Shields was formerly the founding Chief Executive (CEO) of the Northwest Development Agency as well having previously worked as both the CEO at Trafford Park Urban Development Corporation and Trafford Metropolitan Borough Council; Deputy CEO at Salford City Council; Deputy Director of Planning for Leeds; and Assistant City Planning Officer for Nottingham.

Mr Shields uses his vast professional and personal experience to comment on both the establishment, and then the later abolition, of the Regional Development Authorities, and to consider what their legacy was, and how it remains to this day. He also writes chapters on how RDAs built effective relationships with central and local government; the role of RDAs and their unfulfilled potential; the strengths of RDAs as an institutional model, and their weaknesses, errors and failures.

Read Mr Shield’s report in full here.

Former Royal Town Planning Institute Chief Executive publishes Think Piece on the UK’s international commitments with the UN to reduce domestic spatial inequalities

Professor Trudi Elliott CBE of The Henley Business School at The University of Reading, has today published a new Think Piece for the UK2070 website in her capacity as a UK2070 Commissioner entitled UK 2070, Agenda 2030, the New Urban Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals – what do our international commitments mean for reducing spatial inequalities in the UK? 

With the UK2070 Commission currently considering the deep-rooted inequalities of the United Kingdom and exploring through a national enquiry both the nature of these problems and the actions needed to address them, Professor Elliot has written a paper which explores how international agreements which the UK has committed to might inform this thinking. The Think Piece also explores how the commission’s work can support the UK to deliver on these international commitments and to measure progress.

Read Professor Elliot’s report in full here.

Submission received by the UK2070 Commission from The Foundational Economy Collective

Academics from the Alliance Manchester Business School at the University of Manchester and the School of Business and Management at Queen Mary University of London – together representing The Foundational Economy Collective – have submitted their recent report ‘Foundational Liveability: rethinking territorial inequalities’ to the UK2070 Commission as part of its ongoing Call For Evidence.

The paper proposes “an an alternative concept of foundational liveability for household units…by considering gross, disposable and residual income obtained by subtracting housing and transport costs from the disposable income of owner occupier households” with a particular focus on Wales, after the Welsh Government’s 2018 Economic Action Plan ‘Prosperity for All‘ proposed developing innovative policy for the foundational economy.

Read The Foundational Economy Collective’s report in full here.

Collaborative Think Piece by UCL and Newcastle Universities on ‘left-behind-places’

Academics from the Bartlett School of Planning and the Centre for Urban and Regional Development Studies have today published a ‘provocation’ on the UK2070 Commission’s website entitled Land use planning, inequality and the problem of ‘left-behind-places’.

In this sixth article to be published in our weekly series of Think Pieces, the three authors seek to offer a critical account of recent efforts to regenerate deindustrialised regions, whilst also detailing new policy prescriptions for ‘left-behind’ regions.

Read more about the ‘left-behind-places’ provocation here.

Co-winner of the 2014 Wolfson Economics Prize, Dr. Nicholas Falk, writes land values Think Piece for UK2070

The Executive Director of the URBED Trust, Dr. Nicholas Falk, has written the fifth Think Piece to be published on the UK2070 Commission website, entitled Making Fairer Places: A Think Piece on Land Values.

Dr. Falk’s report considers tackling spatial inequalities in the UK by discussing best practice in other countries internationally, and also how the issue has been addressed domestically in the past. Dr. Falk’s report also seeks to discuss why he believes harnessing land values is crucial to creating a more effective, equitable and efficient country, whilst also rebalancing our cities.

Read more about Dr. Falk’s Think Piece here.

The Heseltine Institute produce Think Piece on National Spatial Strategies – with foreword by UK2070 Chair, Lord Kerslake

Our series of every Tuesday publishing a Think Piece submitted to the UK2070 Commission continues today with a recently published report by The University of Liverpool’s Heseltine Institute for Public Policy, Practice and Place entitled ‘National’ Spatial Strategies in an Age of Inequality: Insights from the United Kingdom, Ireland & France. With a foreword by the Chair of the UK2070 Commission, Lord Kerslake and chapters written by ten academics this extensive paper covers a wide range of topics.

Read our full news story about The Heseltine Institute’s Think Piece here.

Dr. David Nguyen publishes Think Piece about the UK’s regional disparities and development

Our weekly series of Think Pieces submitted to the UK2070 Commission has now reached its third instalment, with this week’s entry written by Dr. David Nguyen of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR). Entitled Regional disparities and development in the UK the piece uses data to show how the UK’s regional disparities have varied over time from the 1960s to the present day; before seeking to model the ‘under-performance’ of regions in order to establish what a ‘spatially rebalanced’ region may look like.

Read our full news story about Dr. Nguyen’s Think Piece here.

The Spatial Policy and Analysis Laboratory at The Manchester Urban Institute publish Think Piece on spatial inequality in the UK

In the second of our now weekly series, the UK2070 Commission has published a Think Piece submitted to our Call For Evidence, this week written by The Spatial Policy and Analysis Laboratory at The Manchester Urban Institute entitled ‘Measuring Spatial Inequality in the UK: What We Know and What We Should Know?’

Written by academics from The University of Manchester, the report compares numerous methods to measure spatial inequality and offers a critique of these; considers how the United Kingdom fares on each scale; asks if the UK’s infrastructure investment reinforces spatial inequality; and asks if there is a need to adopt greater use of mapping analysis to demonstrate spatial inequality.

Read our full news story about SPAL’s Think Piece here.

Professor Philip McCann publishes Think Piece on Perceptions of Regional Inequality

In the first of a weekly series of posts, the UK2070 Commission are today publishing the first in a series of Think Pieces submitted to the Commission as part of its recent Call For Evidence, and which the Commission has received permission of the author(s) to publish to a wider audience on our website.

The first of these think pieces is written by Professor Philip McCann, Chair of Urban and Regional Economics at the University of Sheffield Management School, and is entitled Perceptions of Regional Inequality and the Geography of Discontent: Insights from the UK. The paper examines whether the United Kingdom displays high or average levels of interregional inequality, by comparing the UK to 30 other OECD countries across 28 different indicators, and concludes that the UK is one of most regionally unbalanced countries in the industrialised world.

Read our full news story about Professor McCann’s think piece here.

Call For Evidence

The work of the UK2070 Commission is being informed by the communications we received through our Call for Evidence which closed on the 16 November 2018. Policymakers, politicians, and the general public were asked to submit evidence or opinions on the future of city and regional development in the UK – evidence was sought on the nature, causes and solutions to the embedded spatial inequalities across the UK. If you have missed the Call For Evidence deadline, but still would like to get in touch, contributing can be done in a variety of ways, as indicated below:

Responses may be emailed to:

Hard copies can be sent to:
The UK2070 Commisson,
c/o Department of Urban Studies and Planning,
University of Sheffield,
S10 2TN

Full Prospectus

We have published two prospectuses, of which this is the full 12 page version, however a summary prospectus of 4 pages is also available below.

The full prospectus details: the goals of the Commission; the context of the Commission; the activities of the Commission; our programme timetable and outputs; the commitments of our partners and the membership both of the Commission and of the Commission’s Steering Group.

Summary Prospectus

As detailed above, this is a 4 page summary of our full prospectus. It also outlines the partnership of organisations which have come together to form the UK2070 Commission; the background context of the Commission; our activities and a brief biography of each of the Commissioners.

Frequently Asked Questions

Should you be struggling to find the information you require about the Commission elsewhere, this document answers a number of Frequently Asked Questions about UK2070.


If you would like to contact us about our work, please email:, or get in touch through Twitter @UK_2070.